Purines Lists: More purines tables, plus a link (below) to a hard-to-find one





This page about purines lists was last reviewed or updated on 3 May 2014


SUMMARY Below is a description of a simple low purine diet. And the article explains how to find and read Internet-available purine tables. I’d suggest you read what’s said about the tables before you click to them.


There are four purines  –  adenine, guanine, hypoxanthine and xanthine. And three related pyrimidines, thymin, cytosine and uracil. They are at the heart of the structure of DNA and RNA. Both purines and pyrimidines produce uric acid. Collectively they are called purines.

You won't find their amounts in foods on nutrition facts' panels. Maybe one day, if gout continues its world-wide growth. 

We cannot tell from these tables which of these, and in what proportions, are found in the foods listed.   Nor which of them will produce most or least uric acid. But the tables do show the more important number – the amount of uric acid produced.

In addition, the German ones, and the subsidiary tables at the bottom of the Acumedico tables, show the total purines’ amounts too. By comparing the foods’ purine amounts with the uric acid they produce, you can get an idea of how much uric acid is made from purines as a whole, albeit not from each one.

USING A SIMPLE LOW PURINE DIET

You wouldn’t attempt a low calorie diet without knowing the calories, or a restricted carbohydrate diet without knowing the carbs. It’s the same for a low purine diet.

What is a low purine diet? You follow a simple low purine diet by avoiding high purine foods, consuming medium purine foods moderately, and eating low purine foods as per usual or more often. This is an easy approach that might be successful in lowering your uric acid or halting a rise. You do not have to get into detailed purine numbers, nor the chore of counting them up every day.

Just be aware of what’s high, medium and low purine. Begin by knowing the ones you should not eat – the high purine ones. You should not find it difficult to avoid high purine foods. There are plenty of similar foods that are lower in purines, and it’s not hard to give up offal (organ meat).

How many purines or uric acid are high, medium or low? In the Acumedico tables if a food is high purine it produces 400 mg and above of uric acid per 100 grams of food; medium is 100 – 400 mg uric acid/100 grams and low is up to 100 mg uric acid/100 grams.

In the subsidiary tables at the bottom of Acumedico’s, (see more details below) the purines scale is:

Low (Group A) is 0-50 mg; medium (Group B) is 50-150 mg; high (Group C) is 150 mg – 1,000 mg.

The numbers are purines all per100 grams of food.

Our purines list We have categorised our food and drinks’ purines lists on another page into high, medium and low purine foods, which are not numbered with their purines or uric acid produced. They are meant to be used for the simple low purine diet (discussed above).They are amongst the most comprehensive purines lists you can find. Copy/print them

The liver produces uric acid too Remember the liver produces much more uric acid (65-80% of the total) than the amount broken down from purines in the food/drinks you consume. So the purines in your diet are not the main determinant of the uric acid in your blood but a low purine diet can lower it. Read our article about a study where a low purine diet did this

Just as consuming lots of purines can raise uric acid and cause gout in the traditional way.

However, you may wish to take a more precise approach than the simple one described, which means you consider the amount of uric acid generated by foods and drinks, or the amount of their purines.

So here are links to three purines lists, two in English and one in German. The German list is easily translated into English, courtesy of Google Translate or other translators. See below for how to translate it. But remember, this is not an absolutely precise business.

Whatever tables you use, I’d suggest you print them and keep the print-out handy.


PURINES LISTS IN ENGLISH

The Acumedico purines table are in English.

The meaning of the numbers The number in the left column after the food description (fish, sardines in oil) etc., means the average amount of uric acid produced from 100 grams of food. The two columns to its right, called min or max, show, if there are numbers in them – most do not have numbers - the minimum and maximum amounts in the test. Ignore the column on the far right. (For an explanation of it, see note (1) below).

http://www.acumedico.com/purine.htm

ACUMEDICO’S SUBSIDIARY TABLE

At the bottom of the Acumedico tables are less comprehensive purines lists with a different scale.

The numbers here are purines, not uric acid. All per 100 grams of food.

Low (Group A) is 0-50 mg; medium (Group B) is 50-150 mg; high (Group C) is 150 mg – 1,000 mg.

This purines list is taken from the book: Gout The 'At Your Fingertips’ Guide by Prof. R. Grahame, Dr. A. Simmonds and Dr. E. Carrey.

PURINES LISTS IN GERMAN

The tables at http://www.purintabelle.de/default.htm are in German.

How to translate them To translate into English visit http://translate.google.com  Paste or position the German website’s URL (above) into the designated box. Click on the Detect Language tab, then click on English (right side tab) and then TRANSLATE (blue box). There is a smooth translation transition to English. Do the same for other languages. Or use an Internet browser with automatic translation.

Meaning of the numbers The German tables have two columns.

The first (left) shows the amount of purines in 100 grams of a food/drink.

The second (right) shows the amount of uric acid those purines will make, and therefore the part amount your body will have to deal with. Remember uric acid from food and drink consumption is only part of the amount you body produces.

There are surprises in these tables - some purine amounts are contrary to what you often read or hear about purines in foods. Non offal (organ meat) meats and the German beers here are much lower in purines than is often thought, so too are non offal meats on the Acumedico table.

BOWES AND CHURCH

A fourth set of tables, Bowes and Church's Food Values Of Portions Commonly Used, can be purchased at online retailer Amazon. Purines are included in its comprehensive tables of food nutrients.

(1)  Ignore this column. This is a not widely used measurement of the ratio of the nutritional content of food to its total energy content. Measured in megajoules, not calories or kilojoules (kJ).

RELATED PAGES YOU MIGHT ENJOY

Visit our main purines list page, one of the largest on the Internet, which divides foods into high, medium and low purine categories.

Read about a successful low purine diet study

If your low purine diet isn't working, it could be because it is too acidic. Read how a more alkaline diet excreted more uric acid.


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